Geographic Information System (GIS) play a pivotal role in Military operations as they are essentially spatial in nature The concept of Command, Control, Communication and Coordination in military operations are largely dependent on the availability of accurate information in order to arrive at quick decisions for operational orders. In the present digital era, GIS is an excellent tool for Military commanders in the operations.
The use of GIS applications in defence forces has revolutionized the way in which these forces operate and function. Military forces use GIS in a variety of applications including cartography, intelligence, battle field management, terrain analysis, remote sensing, military installation management and monitoring of possible terrorist activity. This article presents a brief overview of the use of a GIS in military applications in land and sea based operation.
Defence planning for peace time as well as for war time is heavily dependent on good quality maps for effective execution. The geospatial data can assist in effective anti-crime operations and internal security as well as solutions to deal with insurgencies. The role of GIS to support mission planning, command & control and tactical operations becomes imperative. The digital maps are also used for efficient troop and supplies movements within the country – optimizing logistic operations. Apart from the army, the navy and air force use maps for their movement planning and monitoring both in time of peace and war. Perspective of Emergency & Disaster Management.
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