GIS intelligence is intelligence derived from the exploitation and analysis of imagery and geospatial information about features and events, with reference to space and time. This definition applies not only to products and services, but also to the process of conducting analysis. GIS intelligence is comprised of the following sub-disciplines:
The process of examining an image collected from satellites or aircraft to identify features, describe activity and interpret what is occurring at a given place on the Earth’s surface.
Entails collecting and analysing information about features on the ground, their relationships to the Earth and to each other. Geographic features can be hills and valleys, rivers, buildings, streets or even schools. Using geographic information systems (GIS), the data can be sorted, examined, analysed and conclusions can be drawn and displayed in a multitude of ways that would not be possible without GIS.
Geospatial Information and Services
A combination of the precise location information and associated attributes of natural and man-made features. This combination conveys the 'what' and 'where' of a feature on the Earth's surface and provides the foundation for a wide range of information to be integrated and displayed.
Most national security decisions involve geography—whether it’s a strategic intelligence determination of terrorist intent, a warfighting command decision about how to strike the enemy, or a base management decision about how to site a new building with minimal impact. Geographic information system (GIS) technology plays a critical role in modern defense and intelligence systems as an increasingly ubiquitous spatial information and application infrastructure.
A cross-cutting spatial infrastructure is a key enabler of network- or informationcentric operations, with the service-oriented architecture of the GIS Software ensuring that enhanced decision support capabilities are pervasive. GIS capabilities fall into three main categories:
Because of these capabilities and characteristics, GIS solutions has been widely adopted in defense and intelligence communities around the world.
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